Fiji says U.S. faces climate risks, urges Trump to ‘stay in canoe’

BONN, Germany (Reuters) – Fiji, due to lead global talks on climate change, said on Thursday that rising sea levels threaten New York and Miami and urged U.S. President Donald Trump to “stay in the canoe” alongside other nations in the fight against global warming.

Reuters: Environment

Galápagos faces first-ever bird extinction

Scientists have discovered a new species of colorful songbird in the Galápagos Islands, with one catch: it's extinct. Researchers from the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco State University (SFSU), the University of New Mexico (UNM), and the San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory (SFBBO) used molecular data from samples of museum specimens to determine that two subspecies of Vermilion Flycatchers, both found only in the Galápagos, should be elevated from subspecies to full species status. One of these newly recognized species–the characteristically smaller San Cristóbal Island Vermilion Flycatcher–hasn't been seen since 1987 and is considered to be the first modern extinction of a Galápagos bird species. The findings were published online earlier this May in the journal Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.

ENN: Top Stories

Horses Read Emotion in People’s Faces

The horse-human bond is so intense that with just a passing glance, a horse can tell how a person is feeling.
Discovery News

Washington faces days of cleanup after epic blizzard

WASHINGTON/NEW YORK (Reuters) – Washington will need several more days to return to normal after a weekend blizzard dropped more than 2 feet (60 cm) of snow along the U.S. East Coast, likely causing billions of dollars in damage and killing more than 30.

Reuters: Environment

VW faces billions in fines as U.S. sues for environmental violations

WASHINGTON/FRANKFURT (Reuters) – The U.S. Justice Department has sued Volkswagen for up to $ 48 billion for allegedly violating environmental laws – a reminder of the carmaker’s problems nearly four months after its emissions scandal broke.

Reuters: Environment

Global food system faces threats from climate change

Climate change is likely to have far-reaching impacts on food security throughout the world, especially for the poor and those living in tropical regions, according to a new international report that includes three co-authors from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).

ENN: Top Stories

The little boy and his changing faces

After a false start in 2014, this year is shaping up to host a strong El Niño event. The question is why were last year’s predictions of the natural phenomenon wrong? And what is the state of knowledge on the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO)?

Nature Climate Change doi: 10.1038/nclimate2790

Nature Climate Change – AOP – science feeds

Massive Antarctic Ice Shelf Faces Imminent Risk of Collapse

Ice shelf collapse is worrisome because the shelves are fingers of ice that stick out into the ocean and act as plugs trapping Antarctic glaciers on land. (Credit: NASA/Wikipedia)

(Click to enlarge) Ice shelf collapse is worrisome because the shelves are fingers of ice that stick out into the ocean and act as plugs trapping Antarctic glaciers on land. (Credit: NASA/Wikipedia)

A collapse of the Larsen C ice shelf would raise global sea levels by several centimeters

(From Scientific American / by Gayathri Vaidyanthan/ClimateWire) — An Antarctic ice shelf that is twice the size of Hawaii is at “imminent risk” of collapse and needs to be monitored carefully, a new study finds.

The ice shelf—Larsen C—is located in roughly the same geography as the Larsen A and B ice shelves, which disintegrated in 1995 and 2002, respectively. Larsen C covers 19,300 square miles and is the largest shelf on the Antarctic Peninsula. If it melts, it could significantly raise global sea levels, said Paul Holland, the lead author of the study and a scientist with the British Antarctic Survey.

“If [Larsen C] collapses, this will cause several centimeters of sea-level rise, potentially within a few decades,” he said via email. “We therefore need to understand and predict this risk.”

The study was published yesterday in the journal The Cryosphere, and joins a steady drumbeat of bad news from Antarctica. A comprehensive study last month from the continent found that some shelves have thinned by as much as 18 percent in two decades.

Ice shelf collapse is worrisome because the shelves are fingers of ice that stick out into the ocean and act as plugs trapping Antarctic glaciers on land. In their absence, continental glaciers accelerate their slide into the sea.

For instance, glaciers that were behind the Larsen B are flowing eight times as quickly as they were before the ice shelf collapsed in 2002, studies have found (ClimateWire, March 27).

Read the full article here:

Consortium for Ocean Leadership

Ocean Life Faces Mass Extinction, Broad Study Says

Scientists find what they say are clear signs that humans are beginning to damage oceans on an unprecedented scale.
NYT > Oceans

Fracking’s future is in doubt as oil price plummets, bonds crash

Increased production from US fracking operations is a major reason for the drop in oil prices, writes Kieran Cooke. But there are warnings that the industry now faces an existential crisis from which it may never recover, as the financial sector faces the prospect of worthless shares and $ 100s of billions of defaulted debt.
Environment news & analysis, climate change reports –
The Ecologist