From The Federal Register, Public Meeting: Pacific Fishery Management Council (Jun. 7-14)

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National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Commerce.

SUMMARY:
The Pacific Fishery Management Council (Pacific Council) and its advisory entities will hold public meetings.

DATES:
The Pacific Council and its advisory entities will meet June 7-14, 2017. The Pacific Council meeting will begin on Friday, June 9, 2017 at 9 a.m. Pacific Daylight Time (PDT), reconvening at 8 a.m. each day through Wednesday, June 14, 2017. All meetings are open to the public, except a closed session will be held from 8 a.m. to 9 a.m., Friday, June 9 to address litigation and personnel matters. The Pacific Council will meet as late as necessary each day to complete its scheduled business.

ADDRESSES:
Meetings of the Pacific Council and its advisory entities will be held at the Doubletree by Hilton Spokane City Center, 322 N. Spokane Falls Court, Spokane, Washington; telephone: (509) 455-9600.

Council address: Pacific Fishery Management Council, 7700 NE Ambassador Place, Suite 101, Portland, OR 97220.

For more information click here.

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Coal India wins tax-cut boost as environmentalists fret

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – State-run Coal India Ltd, saddled with millions of tonnes of unsold coal, is expected to be the biggest beneficiary of a controversial government decision to more than halve the sales tax on the fuel after a jump in local supplies.


Reuters: Environment

California highway to be closed for months after Big Sur landslide

(Reuters) – A section of highway winding along California’s breathtaking Big Sur coastline will probably remain closed for months by damage from a massive landslide unleashed by a rain-soaked hillside over the Pacific, state transportation officials said on Wednesday.


Reuters: Environment

Tree-climbing goats disperse seeds by spitting

In dry southern Morocco, domesticated goats climb to the precarious tippy tops of native argan trees to find fresh forage. Local herders occasionally prune the bushy, thorny trees for easier climbing and even help goat kids learn to climb. During the bare autumn season, goats spend three quarters of their foraging time “treetop grazing.”

Spanish ecologists have observed an unusual way in which the goats may be benefiting the trees: the goats spit the trees’ seeds. Miguel Delibes, Irene Castañeda, and José M Fedriani reported their discovery in the latest Natural History Note in the May issue of the Ecological Society of America’s journal Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. The paper is open access.

ENN: Top Stories

Surf’s Up: Monstrous 64-foot Wave Measured In Southern Ocean

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One of the largest waves recorded in the Southern Hemisphere was found by buoys. (Credit: PublicDomainPictures.net)

(Click to enlarge) One of the largest waves recorded in the Southern Hemisphere was found by buoys. (Credit: PublicDomainPictures.net)

Surf’s up in the Southern Ocean.

A massive, 64-foot high wave was measured by an automated buoy about 400 miles south of New Zealand in the Southern Ocean on Saturday. That’s taller than a six-story building.

(From USA TODAY / By Doyle Rice ) — “This is one of the largest waves recorded in the Southern Hemisphere,” said oceanographer Tom Durrant of MetOcean Solutions, a private weather firm in New Zealand. “This is the world’s southernmost wave buoy moored in the open ocean, and we are excited to put it to the test in large seas,” he wrote on the company’s blog.

The buoy was installed only three months ago to “get valuable observations from this remote part of the ocean,” the company said. The wild winds, seas and storms of the Southern Ocean create some of the biggest waves in the world.

“Southern Ocean waves are described by sailors as ‘liquid Himalayas’ and remain largely unstudied, including our ability to forecast them,” said researcher Sally Garrett of the New Zealand Defence Force, shortly after the buoy was launched.

“Accurate measurements of these conditions will help us understand waves and air-sea interactions in these extreme conditions,” Durrant said, referring to the new buoy. “This, in turn, will lead to improvements in the models used to simulate the waves, providing better forecasts, both for the Southern Ocean and for the wider region.”

Read the full story here: https://www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2017/05/22/surfs-up-monstrous-64-foot-wave-measured-southern-ocean/102009718/

The post Surf’s Up: Monstrous 64-foot Wave Measured In Southern Ocean appeared on Consortium for Ocean Leadership.


Consortium for Ocean Leadership

Going with the flow: The forces that affect species' movements in a changing climate

A new study published in Scientific Reports provides novel insight into how species’ distributions change from the interaction between climate change and ocean currents.

ENN: Top Stories

Whitehall’s fracking science failure: shale gas really is worse for climate than coal

The UK government claim that fracking is a ‘clean’ energy source rests on the conclusions of a single scientific paper, writes Paul Mobbs. And now that paper has been conclusively invalidated: it uses misleading figures that understate the methane emissions from fracking, and subsequent findings have left it totally discredited. Yet the paper is still being quoted to justify fracking, and the fool the public on its climate change impacts.
Environment news & analysis, climate change reports –
The Ecologist

VLA Reveals New Object Near Supermassive Black Hole in Famous Galaxy

Pointing the National Science Foundation’s Very Large Array (VLA) at a famous galaxy for the first time in two decades, a team of astronomers got a big surprise, finding that a bright new object had appeared near the galaxy’s core. The object, the scientists concluded, is either a very rare type of supernova explosion or, more likely, an outburst from a second supermassive black hole closely orbiting the galaxy’s primary, central supermassive black hole.

ENN: Top Stories

Palm oil engulfs Colombia’s ‘mountains of the jaguar’

Thousands of small farmers were forced from their lands and homes by paramilitaries in Colombia’s Santa Maria mountains, writes Paula Álvarez. But now as a welcome peace allows their return from involuntary exile, they find a new enemy that has come to stay – huge plantations of oil palm that have obliterated the mixed, patchwork landscape of small fields, villages, and swathes of forest on steep-sided hills that they used to inhabit.
Environment news & analysis, climate change reports –
The Ecologist

‘Trojan Fish’: Invasive Rabbitfish Spread Invasive Species

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Saddle Rabbitfish. (Credit: Wikicommons)

(Click to enlarge) Saddle Rabbitfish. (Credit: Wikicommons)

For some time, unicellular benthic organisms from the Indo-Pacific have been spreading in the Mediterranean. An international team of scientists with the participation of the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel has now found evidence that a possible path of invasion has been in the gut of fish. The study was published in the international journal Limnology and Oceanography Letters this week.

(From Phys.org) — The mystery of how some invasive species may rapidly invade and spread in the world’s oceans without assistance by marine traffic may have been partly solved by a new Mediterranean Sea study. Red Sea rabbitfish invaded the Mediterranean through the Suez Canal in the 20th century. Soon after, more than 60 species of small Red Sea marine animals, known as foraminifera, also invaded the Mediterranean.

New research, lead by Tamar Guy-Haim of the Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research (IOLR) / the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel released in Limnology and Oceanography Letters this week, reveals that the rabbitfish brought the other marine life with them. The research was done in collaboration with Orit Hyams-Kaphzan (Geological Survey of Israel, GSI), Erez Yeruham (IOLR), Ahuva Almogi-Labin (GSI), and James Carlton (Williams College – Mystic Seaport, USA).

Although plant-eaters, the rabbitfish accidentally scoop up marine animals from the sea floor while feeding. After feeding and swimming long distances, the fish defecate the live animals that had survived the trip through the fish’s digestive system. Fish moving plants and animals—called “ichthyochory,” or dispersal of species by fish—has been known in lakes and rivers but hardly from the marine environment.

The new study is the first to document fish dispersal as a means of long-distance dispersal of alien species in the ocean. The researchers studied fresh waste from the fish. They found live forams as well as other live marine animals, such as snails, clams, and worms. Museum specimens confirmed that rabbitfish have been eating and moving species for decades.

The research team found that the spread of the fish through the Mediterranean matched the timing and sites of the spread of the exotic forams as well. While the marine life in ships’ ballast water and attached to ship hulls explains the invasion of many species in the sea, the forams, and similar bottom-dwellers not found in the water or attached to hulls, are believed to be rarely moved by ships.

Read the full story here: https://phys.org/news/2017-05-trojan-fish-invasive-rabbitfish-species.html

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