Archives for October 2016

Facebook users ‘check in’ to support North Dakota pipeline protests

(Reuters) – Thousands of supporters of a Native American tribe and environmental activists fighting construction of an oil pipeline in North Dakota turned to social media on Monday in a bid to confuse police who they believe are using it to track the protesters.


Reuters: Environment

Opportunity: Request for comment: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Permit Application and Reports for Permit (Nov. 25)

Ocean Leadership ~

employment-opportunites-e1433868852278Agency: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).

Title: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Permit Application and Reports for Permits (fka Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument).

On June 15, 2006, President Bush established the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument by issuing Presidential Proclamation 8031 (71 FR 36443, June 26, 2006) under the authority of the Antiquities Act (16 U.S.C. 431). The proclamation includes restrictions and prohibitions regarding activities in the monument consistent with the authority provided by the act. Specifically, the proclamation prohibits access to the monument except when passing through without interruption or as allowed under a permit issued by NOAA and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). Vessels passing through the monument without interruption are required to notify NOAA and FWS upon entering into and leaving the monument. Individuals wishing to access the monument to conduct certain regulated activities must first apply for and be granted a permit issued by NOAA and FWS to certify compliance with vessel monitoring system requirements, monument regulations and best management practices. On August 29, 2006, NOAA and FWS published a final rule codifying the provisions of the proclamation (71 FR 51134).

Affected Public: Individuals, not for profit institutions; Federal, State, local, government, Native Hawaiian organizations; business or other for-profit organizations.

Frequency: Annually and on occasion.

Respondent’s Obligation: Required to obtain or maintain benefits.

This information collection request may be viewed at reginfo.gov. Follow the instructions to view Department of Commerce collections currently under review by OMB.

Written comments and recommendations for the proposed information collection should be sent within 30 days of publication of this notice to OIRA_Submission@omb.eop.gov or fax to (202) 395-5806.

Dated: October 26, 2016

For more information: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2016/10/31/2016-26155/submission-for-omb-review-comment-request 

The post Opportunity: Request for comment: Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument Permit Application and Reports for Permit (Nov. 25) appeared on Consortium for Ocean Leadership.


Consortium for Ocean Leadership

One in seven children suffer high air pollution: UNICEF

OSLO (Reuters) – Almost one in seven children worldwide live in areas with high levels of outdoor air pollution, mostly in South Asia, and their growing bodies are most vulnerable to damage, the U.N. children’s agency UNICEF said on Monday.


Reuters: Environment

Smog chokes Indian capital as pollution hits hazardous levels

NEW DELHI (Reuters) – Residents of New Delhi woke up to a blanket of smog on Monday as air quality deteriorated sharply overnight in India’s capital, triggering warnings that even healthy people were at risk of respiratory problems.


Reuters: Environment

The Methane Riddle: What Is Causing the Rise in Emissions?

The stomachs of cattle, fermentation in rice fields, fracking for natural gas, coal mines, festering bogs, burning forests — they all produce methane, the second most important greenhouse gas, after carbon dioxide. But how much? And how can we best cut these emissions? And is fracking frying the planet, or are bovine emissions more to blame? 

ENN: Top Stories

Arctic Found To Play Unexpectedly Large Role In Removing Nitrogen

Ocean Leadership ~

 Animals living on the seabed in the Arctic play an important part in the world's nitrogen cycle.  (Credit: Dirk Notz / MPI for Meteorology)

(Click to enlarge) Animals living on the seabed in the Arctic play an important part in the world’s nitrogen cycle.
(Credit: Dirk Notz / MPI for Meteorology)

Areas of the Arctic play a larger role than previously thought in the global nitrogen cycle — the process responsible for keeping a critical element necessary for life flowing between the atmosphere, the land and oceans. The finding is reported in a new study of the continental shelf in the Arctic Ocean published in the journal Nature Communications.

(From ScienceDaily)– In the new study, marine chemists and biologists from The University of Texas at Austin discovered that seabed microbes remove substantial quantities of nitrogen from the Arctic Ocean. Although the Arctic accounts for only a little more than 1 percent of the world’s continental shelves (where most nitrogen is removed), this region accounts for about 5 percent of the global ocean nitrogen removal, data researchers collected for the study show.

Scientists think that, in the past, the oceans maintained a reliable balance between nitrogen sources and nitrogen removal. This global nitrogen budget indicates that overall ocean nitrogen levels are higher now than ever before due to human activity, such as fertilizer run-off and sewage into the oceans. This perturbation throws the budget out of balance. All living things need nitrogen for survival, but excessive nitrogen can harm marine and terrestrial ecosystems. For example, excess nitrogen in the ocean can fuel growth of algae blooms, including toxic blooms that are harmful to marine life. Symptoms of nitrogen pollution include “dead zones,” fish kills, shellfish poisoning and loss of coastal habitats such as seagrass meadows and coral reefs. Natural bacteria in the ocean remove some of this extra nitrogen in the ocean by converting it to inert nitrogen gas in a process called “denitrification.”

Read the full article here: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/10/161026104556.htm

The post Arctic Found To Play Unexpectedly Large Role In Removing Nitrogen appeared on Consortium for Ocean Leadership.


Consortium for Ocean Leadership

Red Cross struggles to raise funds for North Korean flood relief

BEIJING (Reuters) – The Red Cross is struggling to raise needed funds to aid flood-affected regions of North Korea after a disappointing response from the international community to its emergency appeal, a spokesman said on Saturday.


Reuters: Environment

New biochar model scrubs CO2 from the atmosphere

New Cornell University research suggests an economically viable model to scrub carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to thwart global warming.

The researchers propose using a “bioenergy-biochar system” that removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere in an environmental pinch, until other removal methods become economically feasible and in regions where other methods are impractical. Their work appeared in the Oct. 21 edition of Nature Communications.

ENN: Top Stories

Tesla’s Musk adds solar roofs to his clean energy vision

(Reuters) – Tesla Motors Inc Chief Executive Elon Musk on Friday unveiled new energy products aimed at illustrating the benefits of combining his electric car and battery maker with solar installer SolarCity Corp.


Reuters: Environment

Tribe vows to fight North Dakota pipeline through winter

(Reuters) – Native American leaders vowed on Saturday to protest through the winter against a North Dakota oil pipeline they say threatens water resources and sacred lands and are weighing lawsuits over police treatment of arrested protesters.


Reuters: Environment